San Marco libera uno schiavo

The Miracle of the Slave, also known as The Miracle of Saint Mark

Jacopo Robusti detto Jacopo Tintoretto

Author
Jacopo Robusti detto Jacopo Tintoretto
Venezia, 1519 - 1594
Title
The Miracle of the Slave, also known as The Miracle of Saint Mark
Catalogue
42
Date
1547–1548
Support
Canvas, 416 x 544 cm
Provenance
Venice, Scuola Grande di San Marco (until 1797); Paris, Musée Napoleon (1797–1815); held by musum since 1816
Hall
Hall XI

This large telero was completed for the Sala Capitolare of the Scuola Grande di San Marco by April 1548, when it is was mentioned in a eulogising letter sent to the painter by Pietro Aretino, a famous literary figure of the time. Seized by French troops in 1797, the painting returned to Venice in 1815 and was sent to the Gallerie dell’Accademia following the suppression of all devotional Scuole by Napoleonic decree.

The work depicts one of Saint Mark’s posthumous miracles as chronicled by hagiographic sources – Saint Mark delivering a slave from the torments of torture. On the right we have a wealthy man from Provence seated on a raised throne who is torturing a bound servant, guilty of disobeying his master and going on a pilgrimage to Venice to pay homage to the body of the Evangelist, vowing to give his limbs to protect the saint. The miraculous apparition of Saint Mark, who had been invoked by the slave, leads to the destrution of the implements of torture, leaving the wealthy man, executioners, and crowd astounded. The Miracle was Tintoretto’s public consecration in Venice and represents the moment when the different experiences of his youth converge into his full maturation, giving life to a provocatively innovative language. The theatrical nature of the piece, with its monumental scenographic layout and the skilful direction of the crowds, betrays the painter’s familiarity with Venice’s theatres, and gives rise to a new season for the tradition of large narrative paintings commissioned by the Scuole.